ALL ABOUT RUGS
HOW TO CHOOSE A RUG?
When choosing a rug, first look for the physical appearance, second for the quality and third for the price. Your budget and your family life are the best guides to narrowing the choices. Pricey Oriental rugs probably don't belong in homes with little kids and accident-prone pets except, perhaps, in a seldom-used room. Lesser expensive rugs like a good-quality machine-made wool rug or an olefin rug combines good looks and practicality. When you buy any handmade rug, try to obtain a detailed receipt listing of the country of origin, the fiber content of pile and foundation, the age, and (for new rugs only) the grade, as indicated by knot count. Sellers will often write "fine-quality........." or something like that. That isn't good enough.
Beware of deep discounts. A handmade rug at half price was marked up too high from the start. Exercise caution in any shop that displays many rugs without a price tag. Good rugs deserve good care. In the past, rugs were hung over a sturdy pole and beaten. Today, you'll need a good vacuum cleaner. Vacuum the rug's surface at least once a week. Because gritty dirt abrades the rug's backing, vacuum the back of the rug occasionally, too.
- Physical appearance of the rug
The design should blend with the patterns available in the room.
The colors of the rug should match the color combination of the room.
- Quality of the rug
The plushness is the height of the pile that gives more softness to the rug. The plusher rugs are usually used in bedrooms, bathrooms because of softness.
The density is the closeness of the yarn and tightness of the weave that gives durability to the rug. The denser rugs are usually used in heavy traffic areas, such as family rooms, dining rooms, living rooms, and foyers.
- Price of the rug
The price of rug needs to be within the budget allowed for the specific room.
- Wool. The most commonly used material to make rugs
| ||Easy cleaning|
| ||Shedding and fussing|
| ||More expensive|
| ||Some people are allergic to wool.|
- Silk.Usually is used in decorative wall hanging rugs and some blended rugs (silk-wool).
|Pros:||Available in beautiful vibrant colors|
| ||Soft and smooth feeling|
| ||Never fuss or peel off.|
| ||Can be used to make very tight weave rugs|
|Cons:||Extremely difficult to clean|
| ||Very expensive|
| ||Less durable|
- Polypropylene (Olefin).Synthetic (man-made) material that is commonly used in the textile industry.
|Pros:||Less expensive material to make rugs|
| ||Stain resistance|
| ||No fuzzing or peeling|
| ||No color fading|
|Cons:||Under heavy traffic it losses its appearance|
| ||It may have some odor|
- Cotton.This material is seldom used to make rugs because of its lack of durability
|Pros:||Soft and comfortable|
| ||Easy to clean|
| ||Machine washable|
| ||Easy to wear-out|
- Nylon.Synthetic (man-made) material that is commonly used in the textile industry.
|Pros:||The most durable among all the materials|
| ||Available in vibrant colors|
| ||Lesser expensive material|
|Cons:||Generates static electricity|
| ||Difficult to clean and getting stains out|
These rugs are mostly made by Asian countries, in particular, Iran, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tibet, and China. Some of these rugs are considered as investment, because their value tends to appreciate with time. There are different types of hand-made rugs: knotted, tufted and flat weave.
- Hand Knotted Rugs
These are the "true" rugs. They are woven by hand, and one rug could easily take as much as a year or more to complete.
- The tighter and the closer the knots, the better the quality of the rug.
- The more uniform, evenly and shorter pile, the better the quality of the rug.
- Vegetable dyes will make the color of the rug last for longer time. Some syntactic dyes will run and fade faster but there are available in more variety of colors and shades.
- The corners have to be perfectly square (form an angle of 90 degrees).
- The pattern and the designs of good hand made rugs are usually the imagination of the weavers and have their own uniqueness.
Hand Tufted Rugs
Punching yarn in a cloth that is attached to a frame usually makes these rugs, and their backs are glued with latex for protection after the hooking of yarn is done. They are very plush, inexpensive and easier to make than hand knotted rugs. The technology is advancing in this field, and machines also are currently producing these rugs.
Flat Weave Rugs
These rugs are also called "Kilims and Dhurries." They re usually made of wool, cotton, bamboo, or nylon. They are easier to make and are lesser expensive. Because they are looped, these rugs can unravel if a tread is pulled.
These rugs are made on power looms face-to-face two at a time. The newest rug making machinery can weave up to 12 colors in a pattern. With cross-weaving techniques, more than 40 shades can be achieved in a single rug. With that kind of capability, it's natural that rug makers want to flex their technological muscle. Not only are patterns more intricate, they are also subtler in terms of sophisticated shading and antique surface effects achieved with tone-on-tone color placement. The variety of designs, lower pricing, more sizes, colors and availability of Machine-made rugs have made them very popular.
Most of the machine-made rugs are woven on Wilton looms.
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- Wilton Woven
The face-to-face Wilton looms feature computerized electronic heads with needles looping the yarns in the two synthetic backings. Thousands of bobbins work in harmony to create each intricate design in rugs. These looms vary based on number of color capacities. The newer looms are capable of weaving rugs with up to 12 colors. Once the weaving process is complete, it will be cut in half and two identical rugs emerge from the loom. Finally they will be fringed and surged
- Wilton Side Woven
These types of rugs can be woven on the same types of machines as above, except they are woven at 90 degree angle to the above rugs and usually cotton backing are used for these rugs to give them softer and better feeling.